Two Carts

Coupled Harmonic Oscillation
The Oscillations of Two Carts With Three Springs

See Brief Discussion Below
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Brief Discussion

The Equations (ODE2):

The Initial Conditions:
Mass and Coefficients Convensions:
We have set m1 = m2 = 1 (dimensionless).
This means that our k1(k2) has unit N/(m*kg)

Numerical Calculation:
Error range about 0.5%.

Simulation of Displacement vs. Time:
Pink curve is corresponding to the motion of the pink cart.
Green curve is corresponding to the motion the green cart.

Typical cases:

  1. Two-Carts in Swapping Oscillation, no friction
    Parameter set: x1(0) =0.0,x2(0) = 1.0, k1 = 81.0, k2 = 20.0, fk = 0.0
  2. Two Carts in Opposite Phase Oscillation, no friction Parameter set: x1(0) =1.0,x2(0) = -1.0, k1 = 81.0, k2 = 20.0, fk = 0.0
  3. Two-carts in Swapping Oscillation, with friction Parameter set: x1(0) =0.0,x2(0) = 1.0, k1 = 81.0, k2 = 20.0, fk = 0.2
  4. Two-carts in Opposite Phase Oscillation, with friction Parameter set: x1(0) =-1.0,x2(0) = 1.0, k1 = 81.0, k2 = 20.0, fk = 0.2
Reference:
Grant R. Fowles and George L. Cassiday:
Analytical Mechanics,
5th Edition, Saunders College Publishing, section 11.3, pp. 382.

Note: To see these simulations using Swing/Java2D, you must use a PC and install:
JRE (or JVM plug-in) 1.4.0 or up from Oracle

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